Wenyang Huazhuo Tongluo formula alleviates pulmonary vascular injury and downregulates HIF-1α in bleomycin-induced systemic sclerosis mouse model

Posted on 23.06.2022 - 07:26
Abstract Background Vascular damage, autoimmune abnormalities, and fibrosis are the three pathological features of systemic sclerosis (SSc).However, pulmonary vascular damage is the main factor affecting the progression and prognosis of SSc. The main purpose of this study was to explore the molecular mechanism of Wenyang Huazhuo Tongluo Formula in alleviating pulmonary vascular injury in bleomycin-induced SSc mouse model. Methods Masson staining and H&E staining were used to analyze the degree of pulmonary vascular fibrosis and the infiltration of leukocyte cells in lung tissue ofbleomycin-induced SSc mouse models treated with saline (BLM group), Wenyang Huazhuo Tongluo Formula (WYHZTL group) and HIF-1α inhibitor KC7F2 (KC7F2 group). Blood vessel exudation was determined by analyzing the cell number and albumin concentration in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid using a cell counter and ELISA assay, respectively. The degree of vascular injury was assessed by measuring the expression levels of vWF, E-selectin, ICAM-1, VCAM-1, VE-cadherin and claudin-5 in serum and pulmonary vascular endothelial cells using ELISA and immunofluorescence staining. Finally, the effect of Wenyang Huazhuo Tongluo Formula on the expression of HIF-1α was detected using immunofluorescence staining. Results Wenyang Huazhuo Tongluo Formula and KC7F2 significantly inhibited bleomycin-induced pulmonary vascular fibrosis and the level of perivascular inflammatory cell infiltration. The number of cells and the concentration of albumin were significantly reduced in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of the WYHZTL group and KC7F2 group compared with the BLM group. In addition, treatment with Wenyang Huazhuo Tongluo Formula and KC7F2 significantly downregulated the expression levels of vWF, E-selectin, ICAM-1, VCAM-1 and HIF-1α, but upregulated the expression of VE-cadherin and claudin-5 in serum and pulmonary vascular endothelial cells, compared with treatment with saline. Conclusions This study reveals that Wenyang Huazhuo Tongluo Formula plays a new role in the treatment of SSc by alleviating pulmonary vascular damage. Furthermore, we found that Wenyang Huazhuo Tongluo Formula alleviates pulmonary vascular injury and inhibits HIF-1α expression.

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Li, Kai; Wang, Qian; Lv, Qin; Guo, Kelei; Han, Li; Duan, Peipei; et al. (2022): Wenyang Huazhuo Tongluo formula alleviates pulmonary vascular injury and downregulates HIF-1α in bleomycin-induced systemic sclerosis mouse model. figshare. Collection. https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.c.6060544.v1
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