Springer Nature

Transcriptomic profiling of an evolved Yarrowia lipolytica strain: tackling hexanoic acid fermentation to increase lipid production from short-chain fatty acids

Posted on 2024-04-03 - 03:43
Abstract Background Short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) are cost-effective carbon sources for an affordable production of lipids. Hexanoic acid, the acid with the longest carbon chain in the SCFAs pool, is produced in anaerobic fermentation of organic residues and its use is very challenging, even inhibiting oleaginous yeasts growth. Results In this investigation, an adaptive laboratory evolution (ALE) was performed to improve Yarrowia lipolytica ACA DC 50109 tolerance to high hexanoic acid concentrations. Following ALE, the transcriptomic analysis revealed several genetic adaptations that improved the assimilation of this carbon source in the evolved strain compared to the wild type (WT). Indeed, the evolved strain presented a high expression of the up-regulated gene YALI0 E16016g, which codes for FAT1 and is related to lipid droplets formation and responsible for mobilizing long-chain acids within the cell. Strikingly, acetic acid and other carbohydrate transporters were over-expressed in the WT strain. Conclusions A more tolerant yeast strain able to attain higher lipid content under the presence of high concentrations of hexanoic acid has been obtained. Results provided novel information regarding the assimilation of hexanoic acid in yeasts.


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