The functional roles of IGF-1 variants in the susceptibility and clinical outcomes of mild traumatic brain injury

Published on 2019-12-02T04:19:56Z (GMT) by
Abstract Background Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) is an important pleiotropic hormone that exerts neuroprotective and neuroreparative effects after a brain injury. However, the roles of IGF-1 variants in mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) are not yet fully understood. This study attempted to elucidate the effects of IGF-1 variants on the risk and neuropsychiatric outcomes of mTBI. Methods Based on 176 recruited mTBI patients and 1517 control subjects from the Taiwan Biobank project, we first compared the genotypic distributions of IGF-1 variants between the two groups. Then, we analyzed associations of IGF-1 variants with neuropsychiatric symptoms after mTBI, including anxiety, depression, dizziness, and sleep disturbances. Functional annotation of IGF-1 variants was also performed through bioinformatics databases. Results The minor allele of rs7136446 was over-represented in mTBI patients compared to community-based control subjects. Patients carrying minor alleles of rs7136446 and rs972936 showed more dizziness and multiple neuropsychiatric symptoms after brain injury. Conclusions IGF-1 variants were associated with the risk and neuropsychiatric symptoms of mTBI. The findings highlight the important role of IGF-1 in the susceptibility and clinical outcomes of mTBI.

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Wang, Yu-Jia; Wong, Henry; Wu, Chung-Che; Chiang, Yung-Hsiao; Chiu, Wen-Ta; Chen, Kai-Yun; et al. (2019): The functional roles of IGF-1 variants in the susceptibility and clinical outcomes of mild traumatic brain injury. figshare. Collection. https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.c.4765040.v1