Risk factors for subsidence of titanium mesh cage following single-level anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion

Published on 2020-01-15T05:11:44Z (GMT) by
Abstract Background To clarify the risk factors for subsidence of titanium mesh cage (TMC) following single-level anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion (ACCF) to reduce subsidence. Methods The present retrospective cohort study included 73 consecutive patients who underwent single-level ACCF. Patients were divided into subsidence (n = 31) and non-subsidence groups (n = 42). Medical records and radiological parameters such as age, sex, operation level, segmental angle (SA), cervical sagittal angle (CSA), height of anterior (HAE) and posterior endplate (HPE), ratio of anterior (RAE) and posterior endplate (RPE), the alignment of TMC, the global cervical Hounsfield Units (HU) were analyzed. Clinical results were evaluated using the Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) scoring system and the Visual Analog Scale (VAS). Results Subsidence occurred in 31 of 73 (42.5%) patients. Comparison between the groups showed significant differences in the value of RAE, the alignment of TMC and the global cervical HU value (p < 0.001, p = 0.002, p < 0.001). In multivariate logistic regression analysis, RAE > 1.18 (OR = 6.116, 95%CI = 1.613–23.192, p = 0.008), alignment of TMC > 3° (OR = 5.355, 95%CI = 1.474–19.454, p = 0.011) and the global cervical HU value< 333 (OR = 11.238, 95%CI = 2.844–44.413, p = 0.001) were independently associated with subsidence. Linear regression analysis revealed that RAE is significantly positive related to the extent of subsidence (r = − 0.502, p = 0.006). Conclusion Our findings suggest that the value of RAE more than 1.18, alignment of TMC and poor bone mineral density are the risk factors for subsidence. TMC subsidence does not negatively affect the clinical outcomes after operation. Avoiding over expansion of intervertebral height, optimizing placing of TMC and initiation of anti-osteoporosis treatments 6 months prior to surgery might help surgeons to reduce subsidence after ACCF.

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Ji, Chengyue; Yu, Shunzhi; Yan, Ning; Wang, Jiaxing; Hou, Fang; Hou, Tiesheng; et al. (2020): Risk factors for subsidence of titanium mesh cage following single-level anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion. figshare. Collection. https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.c.4817850.v1