NOTCH2 variant D1853H is mutated in two non-syndromic premature ovarian insufficiency patients from a Chinese pedigree

Published on 2020-04-21T03:53:31Z (GMT) by
Abstract Background Premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) is a severe disorder of female infertility, characterized by 4–6 months of amenorrhea before the age of 40 years, with elevated follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) levels (> 25 IU/L). Although several genes have been reported to contribute to the genetic basis of POI, the molecular mechanism of POI remains unclear. Methods Whole-exome sequencing (WES) was performed. Sanger sequencing was carried out to validate the variant in the proband and her mother. In silico algorithms were used to analyze the mutational effect of the variant. Protein 3D structural modeling was used for predicting mutated protein structures. Vector construction and plasmids transfection were performed, and subsequently RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq) was carried out in each group to dissect the differentially expressed genes in wild-type (WT) and D1853H NOTCH2 mutant expressing groups. Gene Ontology analysis was also used to analyze the enriched biological processes or pathways among the differentially expressed genes. Results We report two non-syndromic POI patients from a Chinese pedigree. The FSH level of the proband (the daughter) was 46 IU/L at the age of 22. Her menarche was at the age of 12, but she was amenorrhea at the age of 20. By WES, a rare heterozygous variant (c.5557G > C;p.D1853H) in the NOTCH2 gene was identified. In silico analysis suggested that p.D1853H was a pathogenic allele. Protein 3D structural modeling suggested that D1853H may enhance or weaken the electrostatic surface potential. By molecular analysis, we found that cells expressing the D1853H NOTCH2 mutant had similar effect in activating the NOTCH signaling pathway downstream target genes. However, 106 protein-coding genes were differentially expressed between D1853H expressing cells and WT NOTCH2 expressing cells, and these genes were enriched for collagen degradation, NCAM1 interactions and HDACs deacetylate histones, revealing a unknown underlying mechanism of the pathology that leads to POI. Conclusions We conclude that the rare heterozygous variant in NOTCH2 may be associated with POI. This finding provides researchers and clinicians with a better understanding of the etiology, molecular mechanism and genetic consulting of POI.

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Li, Lin; Feng, Fan; Zhao, Minying; Li, Tengyan; Yue, Wentao; Ma, Xu; et al. (2020): NOTCH2 variant D1853H is mutated in two non-syndromic premature ovarian insufficiency patients from a Chinese pedigree. figshare. Collection.