Springer Nature

Inverse relation of body weight with short-term and long-term mortality following hip fracture surgery: a meta-analysis

Posted on 2022-04-27 - 03:51
Abstract Background The obesity paradox, which suggests that high body weight is positively associated with survival in some diseases, has not been proven in patients with hip fracture. In this study, meta-analysis of previous studies on the impacts of body weight on postoperative mortality following hip fracture surgery in older adults was conducted. Methods PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane library were searched for studies investigating the correlation between mortality after hip fracture surgery and body weight. The search main items included: (“Body mass index” OR “BMI” or “body weight”) and (“hip fracture” or “hip fractures”). Studies contained data on short-term (≤ 30-day) and long-term (≥ 1 year) mortality after hip fracture and its association with distinct body weight or BMI groups were reported as full-text articles were included in this meta-analysis. Results Eleven separate studies were included. The definitions of underweight and obesity differed among the included studies, but the majority of the enrolled studies used the average body weight definition of a BMI of 18.5 to 24.9 kg/m2; underweight referred to a BMI of < 18.5 kg/m2; and obesity pertained to a BMI of > 30 kg/m2. Based on the generalized definitions of body-weight groups from the enrolled studies, the group with obesity had lower long-term (odds ratio [OR]: 0.63, 95% CI: 0.50–0.79, P < 0.00001) and short-term (OR: 0.63, 95% CI: 0.58–0.68, P ≤ 0.00001) mortality rates after hip fracture surgery when compared with patients with average-weight group. However, compared with the average-weight group, the underweight group had higher long-term (OR: 1.51, 95% CI: 1.15-1.98, P=0.003) and short-term (OR: 1.49, 95% CI: 1.29-1.72, P<0.00001) mortality rates after hip fracture surgery. Conclusions Current evidence demonstrates an inverse relation of body weight with long-term and short-term mortality after hip fracture surgery in older adults.


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