Springer Nature

Interpretable machine learning predicts cardiac resynchronization therapy responses from personalized biochemical and biomechanical features

Posted on 2022-11-01 - 08:18
Abstract Background Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy (CRT) is a widely used, device-based therapy for patients with left ventricle (LV) failure. Unfortunately, many patients do not benefit from CRT, so there is potential value in identifying this group of non-responders before CRT implementation. Past studies suggest that predicting CRT response will require diverse variables, including demographic, biomarker, and LV function data. Accordingly, the objective of this study was to integrate diverse variable types into a machine learning algorithm for predicting individual patient responses to CRT. Methods We built an ensemble classification algorithm using previously acquired data from the SMART-AV CRT clinical trial (n = 794 patients). We used five-fold stratified cross-validation on 80% of the patients (n = 635) to train the model with variables collected at 0 months (before initiating CRT), and the remaining 20% of the patients (n = 159) were used as a hold-out test set for model validation. To improve model interpretability, we quantified feature importance values using SHapley Additive exPlanations (SHAP) analysis and used Local Interpretable Model-agnostic Explanations (LIME) to explain patient-specific predictions. Results Our classification algorithm incorporated 26 patient demographic and medical history variables, 12 biomarker variables, and 18 LV functional variables, which yielded correct prediction of CRT response in 71% of patients. Additional patient stratification to identify the subgroups with the highest or lowest likelihood of response showed 96% accuracy with 22 correct predictions out of 23 patients in the highest and lowest responder groups. Conclusion Computationally integrating general patient characteristics, comorbidities, therapy history, circulating biomarkers, and LV function data available before CRT intervention can improve the prediction of individual patient responses.


3 Biotech
3D Printing in Medicine
3D Research
3D-Printed Materials and Systems
AAPG Bulletin
AAPS PharmSciTech
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universität Hamburg
ABI Technik (German)
Academic Medicine
Academic Pediatrics
Academic Psychiatry
Academic Questions
Academy of Management Discoveries
Academy of Management Journal
Academy of Management Learning and Education
Academy of Management Perspectives
Academy of Management Proceedings
Academy of Management Review
Select your citation style and then place your mouse over the citation text to select it.


need help?