Increased risk for uterine cancer among first-degree relatives to Swedish gastric cancer patients

Published on 2020-06-06T03:39:06Z (GMT) by
Abstract Purpose In order to further understand genetically predisposing factors of gastric cancer, a retrospective study on 107 patients with gastric cancer was conducted. The family history of cancer cases was registered, in search of associations between gastric cancer and other cancer types. Materials and methods Within Stockholm County in Sweden, all patients previously diagnosed with gastric cancer and still alive were invited to participate in the study. Patients were asked to complete a questionnaire about their gastric cancer diagnosis and if any cancers had occurred in their family. A blood sample for DNA extraction was collected. The proportions of different cancer types in the relatives of the patients were compared to the general Swedish population in 1970 and 2010. Results Among first- and second-degree relatives to the index patients with gastric cancer, the frequency of uterine cancer as well as gastric cancer was significantly overrepresented compared to the general population in Sweden. The frequency of breast cancer was significantly lower. Conclusions There seems to be an increased risk of both gastric cancer and uterine cancer in the families of gastric cancer survivors, indicating a possible hereditary connection between these two cancer types.

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Samola Winnberg, Johanna; Rudd, Eva; Keränen, Anne; Lagerstedt-Robinson, Kristina; Lindblom, Annika; Nilsson, Magnus; et al. (2020): Increased risk for uterine cancer among first-degree relatives to Swedish gastric cancer patients. figshare. Collection. https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.c.5010521.v1