Impact of metabolically healthy obesity on the risk of incident gastric cancer: a population-based cohort study

Published on 2020-01-21T05:12:36Z (GMT) by
Abstract Background The risk of colon or breast cancer in metabolically healthy obese (MHO) were lower than that in metabolically abnormal obese (MAO). We hypothesized that the risk of incident gastric cancer in MHO is lower than that in MAO. Methods This historical cohort study included 19,685 Japanese individuals who received health-checkup programs from 2003 to 2016. Each subject was classified as metabolically healthy (MH) (no metabolic abnormalities) or metabolically abnormal (MA) (one or more metabolic abnormalities), according to four metabolic factors (hypertension, impaired fasting glucose, hypertriglyceridemia and low HDL-cholesterol). Obese (O) or non-obese (NO) was classified by a BMI cutoff of 25.0 kg/m2. Hazard ratios of metabolic phenotypes for incident gastric cancer were calculated by the Cox proportional hazard model with adjustments for age, sex, alcohol consumption, smoking and exercise. Results Over the median follow-up period of 5.5 (2.9–9.4) years, incident rate of gastric cancer was 0.65 per 1000 persons-years. Incident rate of MHNO, MHO, MANO and MAO were 0.33, 0.25, 0.80 and 1.21 per 1000 persons-years, respectively. Compared with MHNO, the adjusted hazard ratios for development of gastric cancer were 0.69 (95% CI 0.04–3.39, p = 0.723) in MHO, 1.16 (95% CI 0.63–2.12, p = 0.636) in MANO and 2.09 (95% CI 1.10–3.97, p = 0.024) in MAO. Conclusions This study shows that individuals with MAO, but not those with MHO, had an elevated risk for incident gastric cancer. Thus, we should focus more on the presence of metabolic abnormalities rather than obesity itself for incident gastric cancer.

Cite this collection

Hashimoto, Yoshitaka; Hamaguchi, Masahide; Obora, Akihiro; Kojima, Takao; Fukui, Michiaki (2020): Impact of metabolically healthy obesity on the risk of incident gastric cancer: a population-based cohort study. figshare. Collection. https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.c.4823895.v1