Identification of non-invasive biomarkers for chronic atrophic gastritis from serum exosomal microRNAs

Published on 2019-02-08T05:00:00Z (GMT) by
Abstract Background Serum exosomal microRNAs (miRNAs) have been suggested as novel biomarkers for various diseases, especially gastric cancer (GC). But circulating biomarkers for Chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG) which is defined as precancrerous lesions of GC remain largely elusive. To investigate serum exosomal miRNAs that are differently expressed in CAG patients and Chronic nonatrophic gastritis (CNAG) may be helpful for its diagnosis and therapy. Methods Patients were recruited according to the diagnosis and exclusioncriteria. RNA was extracted from serum exosomes of 30 CAG and 30 CNAG patients. The miRNA expression profiles were analyzed by next generation sequencing and were validated by qRT-PCR. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis has been used to evaluate the diagnostic value. Results 30 CAG patients and 30 CNAG patients were recruited in our study. sRNA-seq results showed that hsa-miR-3591-3p, − 122-3p, and − 122-5p of the top 10 miRNAs (hsa-miR-148a-3p, − 122-3p, − 486-3p, −451a, − 122-5p, − 3591-3p, − 486-5p, −151a-3p, −92a-3p, −320a) were significantly upregulated in exosomes from CAG patients versus those from CNAG patients, but hsa-miR-451a, −151a-3p, and -92a-3p were significantly downregulated. Furthermore, qRT-PCR analysis confirmed that hsa-miR-122-5p and hsa-miR-122-3p were significantly upregulated in CAG samples, but hsa-miR-122-3p hadnot a steable expression. ROC curves showed that the AUC for hsa-miR-122-5p was 0.67 (95% CI 0.52–0.82, SE 62%, SP 86%). A sum of the four miRNAs (panel 1, hsa-miR-122-5p, −451a, −151a-3p, and -92a-3p) did not significantly improve the diagnostic potential (AUC 0.63, 95% CI 0.47 to 0.78). Correlation analysis showed that the expression of hsa-miR-122-5p differed significantly between patients based on atrophic (Moderate atrophic vs. Absent, P value was 0.036.) and IM (compare moderate-severe, absent and mild P values were 0.001 and 0.014, respectively). However, there were no differences between groups based on age, gender, dysplasia, or chronic or active inflammation. Conclusion These results suggested that hsa-miR-122-5p in serum exosomes might serve as a potential biomarker for CAG diagnosis. Trial registration Chinese Clinical Trial Registy ( ChiCTR-IOR-16008027 , Date of Registration:2016-03-01).

Cite this collection

Liu, Hong; Li, Pei-wu; Yang, Wei-qin; Mi, Hong; Pan, Jing-lin; Huang, Yuan-cheng; et al. (2019): Identification of non-invasive biomarkers for chronic atrophic gastritis from serum exosomal microRNAs. figshare. Collection.