Genome-wide association study reveals the genetic architecture of root hair length in maize

Posted on 15.09.2021 - 03:22
Abstract Background Root hair, a special type of tubular-shaped cell, outgrows from root epidermal cell and plays important roles in the acquisition of nutrients and water, as well as interactions with biotic and abiotic stress. Although many genes involved in root hair development have been identified, genetic basis of natural variation in root hair growth has never been explored. Results Here, we utilized a maize association panel including 281 inbred lines with tropical, subtropical, and temperate origins to decipher the phenotypic diversity and genetic basis of root hair length. We demonstrated significant associations of root hair length with many metabolic pathways and other agronomic traits. Combining root hair phenotypes with 1.25 million single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) via genome-wide association study (GWAS) revealed several candidate genes implicated in cellular signaling, polar growth, disease resistance and various metabolic pathways. Conclusions These results illustrate the genetic basis of root hair length in maize, offering a list of candidate genes predictably contributing to root hair growth, which are invaluable resource for the future functional investigation.


Liu, Lin; Jiang, Lu-Guang; Luo, Jin-Hong; Xia, Ai-Ai; Chen, Li-Qun; He, Yan (2021): Genome-wide association study reveals the genetic architecture of root hair length in maize. figshare. Collection.
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BMC Genomics


Lin Liu
Lu-Guang Jiang
Jin-Hong Luo
Ai-Ai Xia
Li-Qun Chen
Yan He


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