Springer Nature

Full automation of total metabolic tumor volume from FDG-PET/CT in DLBCL for baseline risk assessments

Posted on 2022-08-13 - 03:16
Abstract Background Current radiological assessments of 18fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) imaging data in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) can be time consuming, do not yield real-time information regarding disease burden and organ involvement, and hinder the use of FDG-PET to potentially limit the reliance on invasive procedures (e.g. bone marrow biopsy) for risk assessment. Methods Our aim is to enable real-time assessment of imaging-based risk factors at a large scale and we propose a fully automatic artificial intelligence (AI)-based tool to rapidly extract FDG-PET imaging metrics in DLBCL. On availability of a scan, in combination with clinical data, our approach generates clinically informative risk scores with minimal resource requirements. Overall, 1268 patients with previously untreated DLBCL from the phase III GOYA trial (NCT01287741) were included in the analysis (training: n = 846; hold-out: n = 422). Results Our AI-based model comprising imaging and clinical variables yielded a tangible prognostic improvement compared to clinical models without imaging metrics. We observed a risk increase for progression-free survival (PFS) with hazard ratios [HR] of 1.87 (95% CI: 1.31–2.67) vs 1.38 (95% CI: 0.98–1.96) (C-index: 0.59 vs 0.55), and a risk increase for overall survival (OS) (HR: 2.16 (95% CI: 1.37–3.40) vs 1.40 (95% CI: 0.90–2.17); C-index: 0.59 vs 0.55). The combined model defined a high-risk population with 35% and 42% increased odds of a 4-year PFS and OS event, respectively, versus the International Prognostic Index components alone. The method also identified a subpopulation with a 2-year Central Nervous System (CNS)-relapse probability of 17.1%. Conclusion Our tool enables an enhanced risk stratification compared with IPI, and the results indicate that imaging can be used to improve the prediction of central nervous system relapse in DLBCL. These findings support integration of clinically informative AI-generated imaging metrics into clinical workflows to improve identification of high-risk DLBCL patients. Trial Registration Registered clinicaltrials.gov number: NCT01287741. Graphical Abstract


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J. N. Paulson
M. Hutchings
L. Kostakoglu
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