Familial autosomal recessive bestrophinopathy: identification of a novel variant in BEST1 gene and the specific metabolomic profile

Published on 2020-01-23T04:58:39Z (GMT) by
Abstract Background Autosomal recessive bestrophinopathy (ARB) is a retinal degenerative disorder caused by BEST1 mutations with autosomal recessive inheritance. We aim to map a comprehensive genomic and metabolomic profile of a consanguineous Chinese family with ARB. Methods Ophthalmic examinations were performed on the affected patients with ARB. The proband was screened for potential causative mutations in a panel with 256 known retinal disease genes by using target capture sequencing. The related mutation was further validated and segregated in the family members by Sanger sequencing. In silico prediction tools were used for pathogenicity assessment. A UHPLC-MS/MS metabolomic analysis was performed to explore the disease-associated metabolic feature. Results The affected patients from this family were characterized by low vision, the presence of subretinal fluid, macular edema, and hyperopia with coincidental angle closure. DNA sequencing identified a novel missense mutation in the BEST1 gene c.646G > A (p.Val216Ile) of the proband. Sanger sequencing further confirmed the mutation. The missense mutation was co-segregation across the pedigree and predicted to be deleterious by SIFT (0.017). The blood metabolic profiles were highly similar among all family members probably because of the same lifestyle, habitat and genomic background. However, ARB patients presented a significant deregulation of metabolites, such as citric acid, L-Threonic acid, and eicosapentaenoic acid. Conclusions We identified a novel disease-associated variant in the BEST1 gene as well as a disease-specific metabolic feature in familial ARB. Our findings helped improve the understanding of ARB mechanisms.

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Ye, Panpan; Xu, Jia; Luo, Yueqiu; Su, Zhitao; Yao, Ke (2020): Familial autosomal recessive bestrophinopathy: identification of a novel variant in BEST1 gene and the specific metabolomic profile. figshare. Collection. https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.c.4827645.v1