Springer Nature

Effect of isotemporal substitution of sedentary behavior with different intensities of physical activity on the muscle function of older adults in the context of a medical center

Posted on 2023-04-13 - 14:00
Abstract Background Engaging in physical activity and reducing sedentary time in daily life may enable older individuals to maintain muscle mass. This study aimed to investigate the effects of replacing sedentary behavior with light physical activity (LPA) or moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) on the muscle function of older adults at a medical center in Taiwan. Methods We recruited 141 older adults (51.1% men; 81.1 ± 6.9 years old) and asked them to wear a triaxial accelerometer on the waist to measure their sedentary behavior and physical activity. Functional performance was assessed based on handgrip strength, Timed Up and Go (TUG) test, gait speed, and five-times-sit-to-stand test (5XSST). Isotemporal substitution analysis was performed to examine the effect of substituting 60 min of sedentary time with 60 min of LPA, MVPA, and combined LPA and MVPA in different proportions. Results Reallocating 60 min of sedentary behavior per day to LPA was associated with better handgrip strength (Beta [B] = 1.587, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.706, 2.468), TUG test findings (B = -1.415, 95% CI = -2.186, -0.643), and gait speed (B = 0.042, 95% CI = 0.007, 0.078). Reallocating 60 min of sedentary behavior per day to MVPA was associated with better gait speed (B = 0.105, 95% CI = 0.018, 0.193) and 5XSST findings (B = -0.060, 95% CI = -0.117, -0.003). In addition, each 5-min increment in MVPA in the total physical activity replacing 60 min of sedentary behavior per day resulted in greater gait speed. Replacing 60 min of sedentary behavior with 30-min of LPA and 30-min of MVPA per day significantly decreased the 5XSST test time. Conclusion Our study indicates that introducing LPA and a combination of LPA and MVPA to specifically replace sedentary behavior may help maintain muscle function in older adults.


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