Different effects of methylphenidate and atomoxetine on the behavior and brain transcriptome of zebrafish

Published on 2020-05-22T03:32:08Z (GMT) by
Abstract Attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a prevalent neuropsychiatric disorder found in children. It is characterized by inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. Methylphenidate (MPH) and atomoxetine (ATX) are commonly prescribed for the treatment of ADHD. In the present study, we examined the behavioral and brain transcriptome changes in MPH-treated and ATX-treated zebrafish. In behavioral analysis, zebrafish showed opposite response to each treatment. MPH-treated fish showed higher anxiety-like behavior while ATX-treated fish showed lower anxiety-like behavior. Further, we performed RNA sequencing analysis of zebrafish brain to elucidate the underlying biological pathways associated with MPH and ATX treatment. Interestingly, we found that shared differentially expressed genes in MPH-treated and ATX-treated fish were instrumental in cholesterol biosynthesis pathway and were regulated in opposite manner. Our findings highlight the contrast between MPH and ATX, and may suggest the alterations in clinical practice for these medications and drug development for ADHD.

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Suzuki, Shiho; Kimura, Ryo; Maegawa, Shingo; Nakata, Masatoshi; Hagiwara, Masatoshi (2020): Different effects of methylphenidate and atomoxetine on the behavior and brain transcriptome of zebrafish. figshare. Collection. https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.c.4967426.v2