Development of a heart rate variability and complexity model in predicting the need for life-saving interventions amongst trauma patients

Published on 2019-10-24T12:40:54Z (GMT) by
Abstract Background Triage trauma scores are utilised to determine patient disposition, interventions and prognostication in the care of trauma patients. Heart rate variability (HRV) and heart rate complexity (HRC) reflect the autonomic nervous system and are derived from electrocardiogram (ECG) analysis. In this study, we aimed to develop a model incorporating HRV and HRC, to predict the need for life-saving interventions (LSI) in trauma patients, within 24 h of emergency department presentation. Methods We included adult trauma patients (≥ 18 years of age) presenting at the emergency department of Singapore General Hospital between October 2014 and October 2015. We excluded patients who had non-sinus rhythms and larger proportions of artefacts and/or ectopics in ECG analysis. We obtained patient demographics, laboratory results, vital signs and outcomes from electronic health records. We conducted univariate and multivariate analyses for predictive model building. Results Two hundred and twenty-five patients met inclusion criteria, in which 49 patients required LSIs. The LSI group had a higher proportion of deaths (10, 20.41% vs 1, 0.57%, p < 0.001). In the LSI group, the mean of detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA)-α1 (1.24 vs 1.12, p = 0.045) and the median of DFA-α2 (1.09 vs 1.00, p = 0.027) were significantly higher. Multivariate stepwise logistic regression analysis determined that a lower Glasgow Coma Scale, a higher DFA-α1 and higher DFA-α2 were independent predictors of requiring LSIs. The area under the curve (AUC) for our model (0.75, 95% confidence interval, 0.66–0.83) was higher than other scoring systems and selected vital signs. Conclusions An HRV/HRC model outperforms other triage trauma scores and selected vital signs in predicting the need for LSIs but needs to be validated in larger patient populations.

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Kumar, Aravin; Liu, Nan; Koh, Zhi; Chiang, Jayne; Soh, Yuda; Wong, Ting; et al. (2019): Development of a heart rate variability and complexity model in predicting the need for life-saving interventions amongst trauma patients. figshare. Collection. https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.c.4710707.v1