Comparison of various pharmaceutical properties of clobetasol propionate cream formulations - considering stability of mixture with moisturizer-

Published on 2020-01-31T04:51:24Z (GMT) by
Abstract Background The clobetasol propionate cream formulations (CLBCr) belong to the “strongest” group, and are used widely. In addition, those formulations are often used as a mixture with moisturizer. Recently, we evaluated pharmaceutical properties of the CLBCr using near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy, and characteristic NIR spectra depending on the formulation were observed. In the present study, we attempted to evaluate the more diverse pharmaceutical properties of CLBCr, including the stability of mixture of CLBCr and moisturizer. Method Pharmaceutical properties of CLBCr were evaluated using from rheological characteristics, microscopic observation, dye permeability observations, electrical conductivity method, thermogravimetry-differential thermal analysis (TG-DTA) and near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy. Stability of mixtures of CLBCr and moisturizer were evaluated using from dye method and NIR spectroscopy. Results The hardness of Dermovate® (DRM), Glydil® (GDL), and Myalone® (MYA) was greater than that of CLBCr. High concentrations of white beeswax were considered the reason for the hardness of DRM and GDL. On the other hand, the hardness of MYA may be due to the presence of macrogol 6000. After storage of the cream formulations discharged from the tube at room temperature, mass reduction and attenuation of the peak reflecting water of NIR spectroscopy occurred in a time-dependent manner, except for GDL and MYA. Only GDL was shown to be a w/o-type formulation by dye and electric conductivity measurements, which suggested that this was the reason for the lack of changes in the mass or NIR spectrum of samples after storage. In the NIR spectrum of MYA, the peak reflecting water slightly increased in a time-dependent manner, suggesting the water absorption of macrogol 6000. TG-DTA provided curves indicating the presence of water in each formulation, except for MYA, which was consistent with water quantification previously reported. Finally, when mixing the CLBCr with a moisturizer, in any CLBCr, the stability of the mixture with w/o-type moisturizer varies greatly depending on the each CLBCr. Conclusion Thus, even for cream formulations with the same active pharmaceutical ingredient, pharmaceutical properties and stability of mixture with moisturizer may different significantly.

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Yamamoto, Yoshihisa; Onuki, Yoshinori; Fukami, Toshiro; Koide, Tatsuo (2020): Comparison of various pharmaceutical properties of clobetasol propionate cream formulations - considering stability of mixture with moisturizer-. figshare. Collection.