Comparison of the transcriptomes of two tardigrades with different hatching coordination

Published on 2019-12-22T05:42:39Z (GMT) by
Abstract Background Tardigrades are microscopic organisms, famous for their tolerance against extreme environments. The establishment of rearing systems of multiple species has allowed for comparison of tardigrade physiology, in particular in embryogenesis. Interestingly, in-lab cultures of limnic species showed smaller variation in hatching timing than terrestrial species, suggesting a hatching regulation mechanism acquired by adaptation to their habitat. Results To this end, we screened for coordinated gene expression during the development of two species of tardigrades, Hypsibius exemplaris and Ramazzottius varieornatus, and observed induction of the arthropod molting pathway. Exposure of ecdysteroids and juvenile hormone analog affected egg hatching but not embryonic development in only the limnic H. exemplaris. Conclusion These observations suggest a hatching regulation mechanism by the molting pathway in H. exemplaris.

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Yoshida, Yuki; Sugiura, Kenta; Tomita, Masaru; Matsumoto, Midori; Arakawa, Kazuharu (2019): Comparison of the transcriptomes of two tardigrades with different hatching coordination. figshare. Collection. https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.c.4793850.v1