Springer Nature

Clinical characteristics and antibiotic resistance profile of invasive MRSA infections in newborn inpatients: a retrospective multicenter study from China

Posted on 2023-05-26 - 03:25
Abstract Background Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) can cause invasive infections with significant mortality in neonates. This study aimed to analyze the clinical characteristics and antibiotic resistance profiles of invasive MRSA infections and determine risk factors associated with invasive MRSA infections in newborn inpatients. Methods This multicenter retrospective study of inpatients from eleven hospitals in the Infectious Diseases Surveillance of Pediatrics (ISPED) group of China was performed over a two-year period (2018–2019). Statistical significance was calculated by applying the χ2 test or by Fisher’s exact test in the case of small sample sizes. Results A total 220 patients were included. Among included cases, 67 (30.45%) were invasive MRSA infections, including two deaths (2.99%), while 153 (69.55%) were noninvasive infections. The invasive infections of MRSA occurred at a median age of 8 days on admission, which was significantly younger compared to 19 days in noninvasive cases. Sepsis (86.6%) was the most common invasive infection, followed by pneumonia (7.4%), bone and joint infections (3.0%), central nervous system infection (1.5%), and peritonitis (1.5%). Congenital heart disease, low birth weight infant (<2500 g), but not preterm neonates, and bronchopulmonary dysplasia, were more commonly found in invasive MRSA infections. All these isolates were susceptible to vancomycin and linezolid and were resistant to penicillin. Additionally, 69.37% were resistant to erythromycin, 57.66% to clindamycin, 7.04% to levofloxacin, 4.62% to sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim, 4.29% to minocycline, 1.33% to gentamicin, and 3.13% were intermediate to rifampin. Conclusion Low age at admission (≤8 days), congenital heart disease, and low birth weight were associated with invasive MRSA infections in neonates, and no isolates resistant to vancomycin and linezolid were found. Determining these risks in suspected neonates may help identify patients with imminent invasive infections who may require intensive monitoring and therapy.


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BMC Pediatrics


Xia Wu
Chuanqing Wang
Leiyan He
Hongmei Xu
Chunmei Jing
Yinghu Chen
Jikui Deng
Aiwei Lin
Huiling Deng
Huijun Cai
Yiping Chen
Jinhong Yang
Ting Zhang
Qing Cao
Jianhua Hao
Yuanyuan Huang
Hui Yu
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