Classification of the human THAP protein family identifies an evolutionarily conserved coiled coil region

Published on 2019-03-05T05:00:00Z (GMT) by
Abstract Background The THAP (Thanatos Associated Proteins) protein family in humans is implicated in various important cellular processes like epigenetic regulation, maintenance of pluripotency, transposition and disorders like cancers and hemophilia. The human THAP protein family which consists of twelve members of different lengths has a well characterized amino terminal, zinc-coordinating, DNA-binding domain called the THAP domain. However, the carboxy terminus of most THAP proteins is yet to be structurally characterized. A coiled coil region is known to help in protein oligomerization in THAP1 and THAP11. It is not known if other human THAP proteins oligomerize. We have used bioinformatic tools to explore the possibility of dimerization of THAP proteins via a coiled coil region. Results Classification of human THAP protein into three size based groups led to the identification of an evolutionarily conserved alpha helical region, downstream of the amino terminal THAP domain. Secondary structure predictions, alpha helical wheel plots and protein models demonstrated the strong possibility of coiled coil formation in this conserved, leucine rich region of all THAP proteins except THAP10. Conclusions The identification of a predicted oligomerization region in the human THAP protein family opens new directions to investigate the members of this protein family.

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Sanghavi, Hiral; Mallajosyala, Sairam; Majumdar, Sharmistha (2019): Classification of the human THAP protein family identifies an evolutionarily conserved coiled coil region. figshare. Collection.