Springer Nature

Association of alcohol consumption with the incidence of proteinuria and chronic kidney disease: a retrospective cohort study in Japan

Posted on 2022-05-14 - 05:18
Abstract Background The difference in the clinical impact of alcohol consumption on kidney function based on sex remains to be elucidated. This study aimed to assess the association between the dose of alcohol consumption and the incidence of proteinuria and chronic kidney disease stratified by sex. Methods This retrospective cohort study included 26,788 workers (19,702 men and 7086 women) with normal renal function (estimated glomerular filtration rate ≥ 60 mL/min/1.73 m2) at annual health examinations between January 2010 and March 2015 in Japan. The main exposure was alcohol consumption. The primary outcomes were the incidence of proteinuria (dipstick urinary protein ≥ 1) and incidence of low estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR; rate < 60 mL/min per 1.73 m2; decreased from the baseline eGFR by 25%). Results During a median observational period of 4 years (interquartile range: 2–6), 1993 (10.1%) men and 462 (6.5%) women developed proteinuria, whereas 667 (3.4%) men and 255 (3.6%) women developed low eGFR. After adjustment for clinically relevant factors using a Cox proportional hazards model, alcohol consumption of ≥ 46 g/day in females was significantly associated with the incidence of proteinuria (hazard ratio, 1.57; 95% confidence interval, 1.10–2.26) and low eGFR (hazard ratio, 1.62; 95% confidence interval, 1.04–2.53). However, no significant association between alcohol consumption and primary outcomes was observed in men. Conclusions In conclusion, daily higher alcohol consumption was significantly associated with a higher incidence of proteinuria and low eGFR among women. Women might be prone to high alcohol consumption with kidney dysfunction.


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