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Stereotype Threat in Black College Students Across Many Operationalizations [Registered Report Stage 1 Protocol]

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journal contribution
posted on 22.10.2020, 15:54 authored by Patrick Forscher, Valerie Taylor, Daniel Cavagnaro, Neil Lewis, Jr., Erin Buchanan, Hannah Moshontz, Aimee Mark, Sara Appleby, Carlota Batres, Brooke Bennett-Day, William Chopik, Rodica Damian, Claire Ellis, Caitlin Faas, Sarah Gaither, Dorainne Green, Braeden Hall, Bianca Hinojosa, Jennifer Howell, David Johnson, Franki Kung, Angela Laird, Carmel LevitanCarmel Levitan, Manyu Li, Keith Maddox, Mary Murphy, Erica Musser, Brianna Pankey, Laura Ruth Parker, Sylvia Perry, Jessica Remedios, Kathleen Schmidt, Surizaday Serrano, Crystal Steltenpohl, Daniel Storage, Brenda Straka, Heather Urry, Samuel Wasmuth, Erin Westgate, John Wilson, Shelby Wynn, David Zimmerman, Kim Peters, Christopher Chartier
ABSTRACT: According to stereotype threat theory, the possibility of confirming a negative group stereotype evokes feelings of threat, leading people to underperform in domains where they are stereotyped as lacking ability. This theory has important theoretical and practical implications. However, many studies supporting it include small samples and varying operational definitions of “stereotype threat”. We address the first challenge by leveraging a network of psychology labs to recruit a large Black student sample (Nanticipated = 2700) from multiple US sites (Nanticipated = 27). We address the second challenge by identifying three threat-increasing and three threat-reducing procedures that could plausibly affect performance and use an adaptive Bayesian design to determine which operationalization yields the strongest evidence for underperformance. This project should advance our knowledge of a scientifically and socially important topic: the conditions under which stereotype threat affects performance among current Black students in the United States.

ITEMS: Stage 1 Registered Report
Protocol, Stage 1 Registered Report Supplementary Information.

Funding

NSF 1631325

NIH R01 DA041353

NSF DRL-1450755

NSF HRD-1661004

USI College of Liberal Arts Faculty Development Award

Faculty Fellowship from the Cornell Center for the Social Sciences

Charles Lafitte Foundation

SPSP Inside the Grant Panel Award

History

Preregistration details

The study protocol was preregistered with Nature Human Behaviour.

Date of in-principle acceptance

20/10/2020