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Guilt- and Shame-Driven Prosociality Across Societies [Registered Report Stage 1 Protocol]

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-04-28, 12:35 authored by Catherine Molho, I. Soraperra, Jonathan Schultz, S. ShalviS. Shalvi



Impersonal prosociality is considered a cornerstone of a thriving civic society, well-functioning institutions, and a growing economy. Previous research has documented substantial cross-societal variation in prosociality using tasks such as dictator games, where individuals allocate money between themselves and others. In such tasks, individuals typically receive full information about how decisions impact others and make decisions privately. Here, we propose that different societies rely on distinct mechanisms—guilt and internalized norms versus shame and external pressures—to support prosociality. In 20 culturally diverse countries, we will administer dictator games and experimentally induce guilt, by varying information about the consequences of participants’ decisions, and shame, by varying observability. Additionally, we will measure guilt- and shame-proneness at the individual and societal level. We will test the hypotheses that activating guilt (by varying information) more strongly increases prosociality among guilt-prone individuals and societies, whereas activating shame (by varying observability) more strongly increases prosociality among shame-prone individuals and societies.


Stage 1 Registered Report Protocol, Stage 1 Registered Report Supplementary Information


EC | EU Framework Programme for Research and Innovation H2020 | H2020 Priority Excellent Science | H2020 European Research Council (H2020 Excellent Science - European Research Council) - ERC-CoG-865931

Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek (Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research) - Vi.Vidi.195.137


Date of in-principle acceptance


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