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A global test of brief reappraisal interventions on emotions during the COVID-19 pandemic [ Registered Report Stage 1 Protocol]

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journal contribution
posted on 14.05.2020 by Ke Wang, Amit Goldenberg, Charles Dorison, Jeremy Miller, Jennifer Lerner, James Gross, Psychological Science Accelerator COVID-19 Rapid Team
The COVID-19 pandemic is increasing negative emotions and decreasing positive emotions globally. Left unchecked, these emotional changes may have a wide array of adverse impacts. To reduce negative emotions and increase positive emotions, we will examine the impact of reappraisal, a widely studied and highly effective form of emotion regulation. Participants from 55 countries (expected N = 25,448) will be randomly assigned to one of two brief reappraisal interventions (reconstrual or repurposing), an active control condition, or a passive control condition. We predict that both reappraisal interventions will reduce negative emotions and increase positive emotions relative to the control conditions. We further predict that reconstrual will decrease negative emotions more than repurposing, and that repurposing will increase positive emotions more than reconstrual. We hope to inform efforts to create a scalable intervention for use around the world to build resilience during the pandemic and beyond.

ITEMS: Stage 1 Registered Report Protocol (incl. Supplementary Material)


This work was supported by a grant from the American Psychological Society (granted to the Psychological Science Accelerator). Further financial support was provided by the Psychological Science Accelerator and a special crowdfunding campaign initiated by the Psychological Science Accelerator. We would like to thank Amazon Web Services for help with server needs. We also thank Leibniz Institute for Psychology (ZPID) for help with data collection via the organization and implementation of semi-representative panels, and Prolific for offering discounted recruitment. Finally, this research was supported by resources provided by the Open Science Grid, which is supported by the National Science Foundation award 1148698, and the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science.


Preregistration detail

The study protocol was preregistered with Nature Human Behaviour.

Date of in-principle acceptance




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