Additional file 3: of Differences in the reliance on cuticular hydrocarbons as sexual signaling and species discrimination cues in parasitoid wasps

F1 male and female offspring from crosses between T. sarcophagae males with conspecific virgin T. sarcophagae and heterospecific N. vitripennis females, respectively. Note that only female offspring constitutes hybrid offspring as Hymenopteran males develop from haploid, unfertilized eggs. The N. vitripennis strain used for the crosses has been antibiotically cured of its Wolbachia infection and was originally collected in Leiden, The Netherlands. (DOCX 13 kb)