Additional file 1: Figure S1. of Estrogen receptor α in cancer associated fibroblasts suppresses prostate cancer invasion via reducing CCL5, IL6 and macrophage infiltration in the tumor microenvironment

Stromal E2/ERα signals negatively-regulate the PCa invasion. CAF.ERα(-) or ERα(+) cells were treated with vehicle, E2 (10 nM) or/and ICI182,780 (10 μM) and co-cultured with macrophages for 48 hr. CMs were collected and added to 24-well plates and the PCa cells (C4-2) were seeded into inserted transwells pre-coated with matrigel. After 48 hr of incubation, invaded PCa cells were counted and compared, and quantitation data is shown below the images.